Pregnancy Loss: An Undesired Event

There are a lot of women who have suffered from pregnancy loss. It is also known as miscarriage which is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage. In medical world, miscarriage is referred to as a spontaneous abortion. When vaginal bleeding occurs during the early stage of pregnancy, it is considered to be a threat to miscarriage. However, vaginal bleeding is a very common phenomenon during early stage of pregnancy.

Pregnancy loss can occur in various ways. It usually happens due to genetic problems in the fetus. The ectopic pregnancy happens in the exterior part of the uterus where the fetus can’t survive. However, in a molar pregnancy, at the beginning of the pregnancy, a mass or growth forms inside the uterus and often there is no fetus. Losing a pregnancy after 20 weeks is called stillbirth.

There are various factors that may cause pregnancy loss of a woman, such as due to infections in the uterus and fetus that may lead to end the pregnancy. Even, problems in the hormones of a woman may also cause early miscarriage. If the woman is having certain chronic diseases, such as uncontrolled diabetes, then it may also cause miscarriage. Apart from all these, too much smoking, drinking and heavy consumption of drugs may lead to pregnancy loss. However, sometimes the treatment of the illness can provide with a health pregnancy.

The usual symptom of pregnancy includes: bleeding. However, it is said that women having vaginal spotting or bleeding at the early stage of pregnancy have healthy babies. But it is not the same with all the women. Bleeding in early stage of pregnancy may also lead to pregnancy loss for many women. This is the reason why bleeding is considered to be dangerous threat to miscarriage.

Though many people are having a misconception that various aspects of daily life can increase the risk of miscarriage, but in reality there is no such proof that working, exercising, having sex, or using birth control pills before getting pregnant raise a woman’s risk of pregnancy loss. The upset stomach which is known as morning sickness is very normal in early pregnancy that does not cause the risk of pregnancy loss. In fact, women with morning sickness have the lower risk of miscarriage or pregnancy loss.

Regarding miscarriage, people have certain beliefs in them and they think that pregnancy loss is caused by fall, blow, or even a fright. But in most of the cases, it is not that true. In most cases of miscarriages, some weeks before the miscarriage occurs, the fetus die. Finally, we can say that pregnancy loss is the most devastating event of a woman’s life. No woman in this world would expect a miscarriage in her lifetime. It is would be probably the most painful experience in their life. In order to get rid of this kind of situations, therefore regular checkups with doctors and proper care is very essential. In case you are pregnant, make sure you take all the necessary precautions to keep yourself away this kind of undesired events.

Plague: A Deadly Disease

You must have heard of the disease plague known to be a very dangerous disease. But do you know how it occurs and why is it considered to be a dangerous disease? In the medical world, plague is considered to be a deadly infectious disease which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. This particular dangerous disease is mainly carried by the rodents, rats or through fleas and it gets spread to humans. It is an infamous disease throughout the history due to the unlimited scale of death and destruction it causes. It is still an endemic in some particular areas of the world.

Some forms of this deadly disease can be spread from even human to human, such as people with pneumonic plague coughs, microscopic droplets carrying the infection move via the air. Anybody who breathes in these particles may get infected by plague. There are three most common forms of plagues, for example: Bubonic plague (an infection of the lymph nodes), Pneumonic plague (an infection of the lungs) and Septicemic plague (an infection of the blood).

When people suffer from bubonic plague which is the most common form of plague, bacteria start infecting the lymph system which is a major component of our body’s immune system. The organs of lymphatic system include tonsils, adenoids, spleen, and thymus. Usually, when somebody gets bitten by infected flea or rodent, bubonic plague occurs. However, in some cases, Y pestis bacteria from a piece of infected clothing or other material which is used by a person with plague infection may enter to other person via an opening in the skin. But these kinds of cases are rare. When bubonic plague occurs, within three to seven days of exposure to the bacteria of plague, the person who is having this will develop certain flu symptoms, like fever, headache, chills, weakness, and swollen, tender lymph glands.

People with plague require instant treatment, otherwise if the first symptom occurs, then it may lead to serious consequences like death. Providing antibiotics, for example as streptomycin, gentamicin, doxycycline, or ciprofloxacin are used to treat plague disease. Moreover, oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory support are also essential. As, we have already mentioned that plague is an infectious disease, so the patients with pneumonic plague are strictly kept remote from other patients. Even people who are having contact with anyone infected by pneumonic plague are watched carefully and as a preventive measure, they are provided antibiotics.

Ultimately, we can say that plague is really a very perilous disease where consequences are deadly. Therefore, in order to keep you safe from this devastating monster, precautions are essential. In the wild rodent population area, rat control and examination of the disease are the main safety measures that are used to control the risk of epidemics. For high-risk workers, a vaccination is also available but its usefulness is not evidently established yet.

Phobias: Extreme Condition of Fear

You must have heard the term phobia, but do you know what exactly phobia means? Usually, people identify the term phobia with fear and it is somewhat right to certain extent. But in reality there are some minute differences between phobia and fear. Phobia is a strong fear that leads to mental depression, whereas fear is not that strong as phobias. Phobia occurs to people due to some experience of persistent fear that is excessive and unreasonable, but fear normally occurs without any kind of past experience. There are various kinds of phobias that people have, such as animal phobia, natural environment phobia, situational phobias and blood-injection-injury phobia.

In very simple words, phobia is an intense fear of something that in reality either posse little or has no actual danger. There are certain kinds of situations that a lot of people have phobia or fear in, for example closed-in places, heights, highway driving, flying insects, snakes, and needles etc. Phobias can’t just develop instantly but most of the phobias develop in the childhood and develop gradually with the time to the adulthood. In case you are having any kind of phobia, you might feel an extreme fear without any particular reason or cause for it. Though you are aware of it, but you can’t control your fear. In phobias, just by thinking about the thing that creates extreme fear in your mind, people become anxious. But then the people with phobia are exposed to phobia. This terror becomes automatic and overwhelming.

There are many who have social phobias. Such people usually are of shy nature and they can’t take any kind of opinion, especially criticism or judgment from others. They don’t feel the comfort to speak in the public gatherings and can’t perform with confidence in public. They always try to avoid social gatherings and mix ups. They remain lonely and have very few friends in their life. Phobia usually caused by neutral, unconditioned, and conditioned stimuli that trigger either conditioned or unconditioned responses. In phobias, people act in a very different way just to avoid their fear. Those who are having social phobia are also known by suffering from social anxiety disorder. These kinds of people become excessively self-conscious and afraid of humiliating themselves in front of others. It is the main reason why they avoid any kind of social gatherings or social environments.

There are some other kinds of phobias, for example animal phobia, natural phobia, natural environment phobias and situational phobias etc. In animal phobia, the fear is caused by an animal or insect like fear of snakes, fear of spiders, fear of rodents, and fear of dogs etc.  Similarly, in natural phobia, the fear is caused by objects found in nature that include fear of heights, fear of storms, fear of water, and fear of the dark etc. So, do not keep fear inside you but get rid of it by seeing an expert.